Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes. Much more typically, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Company rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other folks in muske pidzame the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."
Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made from smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas created ahead of the 1950s, but within the early 20-to start with century They're relatively scarce.
Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are many variations in type which include short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've at times provided the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume major around shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned common from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.